Bearded dragons are not that difficult to breed and it is also fun and educational. Most bearded dragons breeders prepare the housing for the young arrivals before they are hatched. Differentiating between the males and females can be a bit tricky. Adults are easy to tell apart but it is very difficult to identify the sexes in juveniles and babies.
In adult males you can see the femoral pores located near the thighs. There is also a bulge at the base of their tail called hemi-penile. The dragons can breed all year round in captivity providing their artificial climate conditions are correct.
The two major contributing factors are temperature and photo-period. Food intake is also regulated but this is also affected by climate and amount of daylight. Temperature and daylight are gradually controlled to simulate the desired climate for breeding.
After mating you will notice a difference in the female’s stomach size, she will start to produce eggs after a month. She will get larger as she gets closer to laying and you must put her on an excellent healthy diet.
You will have to prepare a place for her to lay the eggs. Make a nesting box and put some potting soil. You can also use other substances like sand, vermiculite or cactus soil. Whichever substance you prefer any of the above will work as good. Moisten the soil slightly with water for ease of digging by the reptile.
The dragon will cover the eggs with soil after laying them. Each clutch may contain 10 to 25 eggs. You will need to dig the eggs out and put them in an incubator. Have the incubator up and running with the correct temperature before you put the eggs in. Put some water in the incubator to bring the humidity up if required.
The preferred incubation temperature would be 85 degrees F, but anything close to this will do just fine as long as it does not rise beyond 88 degrees F. Check the eggs a couple of times per week and any damaged or leaking eggs should be removed from the incubator.
If these conditions are maintained then expect the eggs to hatch from 50 to 70 days in incubation. They will then come out of their shells on their own but be vigil during this period. Have separate small enclosures ready for the new arrivals. Keep a small group of similar sized baby lizards in each cage. Set up these cages same as you would do with adult dragons. Spray mists of water on the babies for the first couple of weeks.
The offspring bearded dragon colors will depend on the genetic of their parents. The most common color morphs that can be achieved are Red, Gold, Tiger, Snow, Fire, Translucent and many variations of each type.
If you are not into breeding the dragons yourself or just a beginner starting off a new hobby then you can select and buy baby bearded dragons from experienced breeders from all over the country. Get information about breeders from your local pet stores or any reptile directory from the web. They can provide you with instructions in obtaining your desired pet.